Autism is an impairment of the growth and development of the central nervous system, which in turn affects learning ability, emotion and memory. Autism affects information processing in the brain by altering how nerve cells and their synapses join and categorize.
3 types of Autism recognized in the autism spectrum (ASDs) the other 2 are Asperger syndrome(lacks delays in cognitive development and language and Pervasive developmental disorder- Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS) This one is diagnosed when the full set of criteria for autism or Asperger syndrome are not met.
Autism is believed to have a strong genetic basis, although the genetics of autism are complex and unclear as to whether ASD is explained more by rare mutations or by rare combinations or common genetic variants. Parents will usually notice signs in the first two years of their child’s life. Some will develop signs gradually, but some children will develop normally then regress.
Possible Indicators of Autism Spectrum Disorders:
Does not babble, point, or make meaningful gestures by 1 year of age
Does not speak one word by 16 months
Does not combine two words by 2 years
Does not respond to name
Loses language or social skills
Some Other Indicators
Poor eye contact
Doesn’t seem to know how to play with toys
Excessively lines up toys or other objects
Is attached to one particular toy or object
At times seems to be hearing impaired
From the start, typically developing infants are social beings. Early in life, they gaze at people, turn toward voices, grasp a finger, and even smile.
Although there is no known cure for autism there is also not a “one-size-fits-all” treatment plan either. The life-expectancy is normal for a child with autism.
Treatment options may include:
· Speech/Language Therapy
· Occupational Therapy
· Sensory Integration Therapy
· Cranio-sacral Therapy
· Music/Sound Therapy
· Play Therapy
Please keep in mind this is not a complete list of therapies that we use for autism, just a common list. You child we be evaluated by one of our highly trained professionals and from that evaluation a treatment plan will be implemented.